New York State Court of Claims

New York State Court of Claims

WEBB v. THE STATE OF NEW YORK, #2003-028-557, Claim No. 106819, Motion No. M-66060


Case Information

WANJI WEBB, an infant under 18 years of age by EVELYN CRAMER, his Grandmother and Court Appointed Guardian, and EVELYN CRAMER Individually
Claimant short name:
Footnote (claimant name) :

Footnote (defendant name) :

Third-party claimant(s):

Third-party defendant(s):

Claim number(s):
Motion number(s):
Cross-motion number(s):

Claimant's attorney:
Defendant's attorney:
BY: Susan J. Pogoda, Esq.Assistant Attorney General
Third-party defendant's attorney:

Signature date:
July 21, 2003

Official citation:

Appellate results:

See also (multicaptioned case)


The following papers were read and considered on Defendant's Motion to Dismiss the claim pursuant to CPLR 3211 and Court of Claims Act Sections 8, 9, 10 and 8-b:

(1) Notice of Motion and Supporting Affirmation of Assistant Attorney General Susan J. Pogoda, Esq. (Pogoda Affirmation) with annexed Exhibits "A-D", filed on November 20, 2002;

(2) Affirmation of Matthew A. Kaufman, Esq. (Kaufman Affirmation) with annexed Exhibits "A-P", filed on April 2, 2003;

(3) Reply Affirmation of Susan J. Pogoda (Pogoda Reply) filed on May 5, 2003;

(4) Letter of Matthew A. Kaufman, Esq. dated May 9, 2003.

Claimants Wanji Webb, an Infant, and Evelyn Cramer, grandmother and court appointed guardian, seek damages for the unjust conviction of Wanji Webb.[1]

The Claimant[2] herein was adjudged to have committed the act of attempted assault in the third degree on March 15, 1999 by a Fact Finding Order of Family Court Judge Fran L. Lubow. On May 11, 1999 Judge Lubow entered a disposition finding that the act committed by the Claimant would have, if committed by an adult, constituted the crime of attempted assault in the third degree, and adjudged Wanji Webb a juvenile delinquent. He was, thereafter, placed in the custody of the New York State Office of Children and Family Services for a period of one year (Claimant's Exhibit "B").

On November 6, 2000, the Appellate Division, Second Department, reversed the May 11, 1999 disposition and vacated the fact finding order of March 15, 1999, and dismissed the petition (In the Matter of Wanji W., 277 AD2d 243).

The State moves to dismiss on the following grounds: (1) that the adjudication by the Family Court does not constitute a "conviction" as defined by the statute (Court of Claims Act §8-b(3));

(2) that the verification requirement of the statute has not been met (Court of Claims Act §8-b (4)).

The attorney for this Claimant contends that the adjudication of a juvenile delinquent satisfies the conviction requirement of Section 8-b of the Court of Claims Act (Kaufman Affirmation in Opposition, p 1 [unpaginated]). He also maintains that the verification was proper (Kaufman Affirmation in Opposition, p 7).

In support of its application on the first cited ground, the State argues that an adjudication as a juvenile delinquent does not come within the ambit of the statute which requires that the claimant have been convicted of a crime, sentenced to a term of imprisonment and have served all or part thereof. In reviewing Section 8-b cases, the Court of Claims has given hegemony to the purpose and language of the Legislature. It was the announced purpose of the Legislature to compensate those who had been unjustly convicted of a crime and who had been sentenced to a term of imprisonment. Nothing in the legislative history gives any indication that the statute was to apply to cases involving those who were adjudicated as delinquents. Neither did the wording of the statute evidence such a contention. Also, the attorney for the Claimant has failed to submit any case where this Court has ever held that the statute has been applied to a delinquent. On the contrary, one case has been cited which holds that the statute does not apply to individuals who were adjudicated a delinquent and who later had the petition dismissed. In Pabon v State of New York (unreported decision of Hon. Albert A. Blinder, claim no. 82806, filed April 9, 1993) Judge Blinder ruled that since a claimant who had been adjudicated a delinquent can not prove that he was convicted of a crime, such a claim cannot stand (Exhibit "C" annexed to Notice of Motion, pp 3-4).

Claimant's attorney seeks to distinguish this case based upon the severity of the instant Claimant's assignment to the Auburn Residential Center. His attempt is unpersuasive.

The Court finds the logic of Judge Blinder compelling and, accordingly, will follow it. The Court has held on numerous occasions that Section 8-b created a new cause of action, and as such must be strictly construed (see Alston v State of New York, 97 NY2d 159; Paris v State of New York, 202 AD2d 482). Therefore, since the Claimant is unable to establish that he was convicted of a crime and imprisoned, he does not fall within the ambit of those whom the Legislature sought to compensate. The fact that Claimant's placement was more severe than other adjudicated delinquents does not change that result.

Similarly, on the issue of verification, the Court has held that the statute required verification by the claimant himself. The rationale for such a holding is that only the individual himself could attest to the fact of his innocence (see Pejcinovic v State of New York, unreported decision of Presiding Judge Christopher J. Mega, claim no. 89358, filed August 8, 1997; Vasquez v State of New York, unreported decision of Judge Albert A. Blinder, claim no. 83301, filed June 30, 1995.

The language of the statute itself states that the claim must be in sufficient detail and "[t]he claim shall be verified by the claimant." (Court of Claims Act §8-b (4). Had the Legislature wanted to permit verification by someone other than the person convicted, that is, under the same procedure and standards applicable to claims in general, it did not have to use the above-quoted language. Also, given the fact that the statute is a unique statutory cause of action and the claim of innocence is the linchpin of the section, it is not improper to consider the verification requirement an integral part of the remedy. Accordingly, the Court finds the verification defective and that this defect is fatal.[3]

After reviewing the claim, the Court finds that no cognizable cause of action exists on behalf of the Claimant, Evelyn Cramer, for loss of services, nor has the attorney for Claimant submitted any opposition to the Defendant's Motion to Dismiss as it relates to the second and third causes of action (Kaufman Affirmation in Opposition, p 1 [unpaginated] para. 2). Accordingly, the claim is hereby dismissed in its entirety.

July 21, 2003
Albany, New York

Judge of the Court of Claims

[1] The claimants did not oppose the Motion as to the remaining causes of action.

[2]All references to the Claimant refer to Wanji Webb.
[3] It has also been held that a defective verification cannot be corrected (see Pejcinovic v State of New York, supra, at pp 3-4).