New York State Court of Claims

New York State Court of Claims

ALLAH v. THE STATE OF NEW YORK, #2001-005-526, Claim No. 99962, Motion No. M-63621


Synopsis


Defendant's motion to dismiss the claim pursuant to CPLR §3211 is denied, as the objections on timeliness grounds were not preserved in the answer and were waived (Court of Claims Act §11[c]).

Case Information

UID:
2001-005-526
Claimant(s):
TYHEEM Y. ALLAH
Claimant short name:
ALLAH
Footnote (claimant name) :

Defendant(s):
THE STATE OF NEW YORK
Footnote (defendant name) :

Third-party claimant(s):

Third-party defendant(s):

Claim number(s):
99962
Motion number(s):
M-63621
Cross-motion number(s):

Judge:
DONALD J. CORBETT, JR.
Claimant's attorney:
Tyheem Y. Allah,Pro Se
Defendant's attorney:
Eliot Spitzer, Attorney GeneralBy: Heather R. Rubinstein, Assistant Attorney General
Third-party defendant's attorney:

Signature date:
August 9, 2001
City:
Rochester
Comments:

Official citation:

Appellate results:

See also (multicaptioned case)


Decision


On July 11, 2001, the following papers, numbered 1 to 5, were read on motion by Defendant for the dismissal of the claim pursuant to CPLR§3211:

1, 2 Notice of Motion, Affirmation and Exhibits Annexed
  1. Opposing Affidavit
4, 5 Filed Papers: Claim, Answer

Upon the foregoing papers, this motion is denied.

The Defendant seeks dismissal of the claim herein on numerous grounds. The claim alleges causes of action relating to an incident occurring at the Auburn Correctional Facility when Claimant was placed in solitary confinement for 10 days, and other disciplinary punishments. The penalties were reversed on December 9, 1998, but Claimant alleges that he was not released from keeplock confinement until December 14, 1998. Claimant then alleges that he was reconfined in solitary on the morning of December 16, 1998. He alleges that his due process safeguards were violated.

The claim, filed on March 11, 1999, alleges that it accrued on December 6 - 14 and 16, 1998. The Defendant acknowledges service by certified mail, return receipt requested, on March 11, 1999. Dismissal is sought for the alleged lack of subject matter and personal jurisdiction in that no Notice of Intention to file a claim was served upon the Defendant within 90 days of accrual of the cause(s) of action, and thus the claim, served and filed on March 11, 1999, was untimely.

The answer herein, filed on April 8, 1999, in relevant part, raises as its Second Affirmative Defense:

That this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction of the claim as it was not filed with the Clerk of the Court of Claims pursuant to Section 11(a) of the Court of Claims Act.


By the Laws of 1990, Chapter 625, Court of Claims Act §11 was amended to include subsection c, which, in relevant part, states that any objection or defense based upon a failure to comply with the time limitations contained in section ten of the act is waived unless it was raised, with particularity, either in a motion to dismiss made before service of the answer was required, or in the answer.

The Second Affirmative Defense addresses only the purported failure to have filed the claim with the Clerk, and raises no objections whatsoever with respect to the timeliness of service or filing, both of which occurred on the same date. While it might be argued that the preservation of a defense for the total failure to file is inclusive of the ground dealing with untimely filing, it certainly is not done with particularity or clarity (Sinacore v State of New York, 176 Misc 2d 1; Firth v State of New York, 184 Misc 2d 105). Furthermore, it overtly waives any argument dealing with untimely service. Since the defense of untimeliness was not preserved, and thus was waived, the instant motion for dismissal on jurisdictional grounds must be denied.

Additionally, it is arguable whether there was any untimeliness whatsoever, as causes of action sounding in false imprisonment, or wrongful excessive confinement, accrue upon the release from confinement (Karen v State of New York, 111 Misc 2d 396, 398; also see, Ramirez v State of New York, 171 Misc 2d 677), and thus filing and service of the claim on March 11, 1999, was accomplished on the 87th day following the release from keeplock on December 14, 1998, and appears timely.

Defendant also seeks dismissal for the alleged failure to state a cause of action, primarily relying upon Arteaga v State of New York, 72 NY2d 212, asserting absolute immunity. I do not and have not interpreted Arteaga, supra, as providing absolute immunity, and neither did the Court of Appeals:

There is no basis for the contention that giving full immunity to the conduct of correction employees in taking authorized disciplinary measures will deprive inmates of all rights to recover damages against the State in the Court of Claims (Correction Law §24[2]) for unlawful actions of employees taken beyond their authority or in violation of the governing rules and regulations (citations omitted). Thus, actions of correction personnel in physically abusing inmates (see, Correction Law §137[5]) or in confining them without granting a hearing or other required due process safeguard (see, 7 NYCRR 251-5.1; parts 252-254) would not receive immunity. (emphases supplied) [Arteaga, supra, 72 NY2d 212, 220-221]


Accordingly, the motion for dismissal of the claim herein is denied in all respects.


August 9, 2001
Rochester, New York

HON. DONALD J. CORBETT, JR.
Judge of the Court of Claims